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Planetary SDI
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Data Checklist

This section contains a checklist for data producers and data providers to use to assess the compliance of their data to the lunar SDI standards. The goal of the checklist is to help determine what level of effort would be required to bring the data set into compliance.

A key role played by the lunar SDI is to help data producers release data via data providers. We are here to help producers and providers. If the checklist is daunting or the steps needed to alter the data are unclear, please reach out.

Data Standards

These data standards apply whether the data are provided in raster or vector formats.

Body Standards

  • The data were created or adjusted to use a reference sphere with a radius of 1737.4km.
  • The ephemeris information used to create the data used JPL DE 421 or JPL DE 440.
  • The reference sphere and ephemeris are declared in metadata and/or projection strings.

Vertical and Horizontal Datum

  • The horizontal and vertical datums the data uses are declared in metadata and/or projection string.
  • The metadata provided with the data describes any efforts, and associated accuracies, to tie the product to the horizontal and/or vertical datum.
  • If topographic data, the data are released with the z-dimension in radius or the metadata declare the reference surface from which potential heights were computed.

Map Projection

Many of these aspects can be verified using the gdalinfo (raster) or ogrinfo (vector) tools.

  • If provided in raster format, the data are map projected.
  • If provided in vector format, the data are not map projected.
  • The map projection uses a valid well-known text string. (Reference projections are available here).
  • The data use the -180 to 180 longitude domain.

Vector Symbology

These apply if the data are provided in a vector format.

  • If the data have a specific symbology (e.g., for a geologic map), a compliant Styled Layer Descriptor (SLD) file is also embedded or provided.

Ephemeris Information

These apply if the data include external ephemeris information. For example, through the release of updated ephemeris data.

  • NAIF SPICE kernels or Community Sensor Model ISD or state files are provided.

Data Formats

Formats for Offline Data Access

  • If raster data, the data are provided as valid Cloud Optimized GeoTiffs.
  • If vector data, the data are provided as an OGC GeoPackage with associated layer symbology.

Formats for Online Data Access

  • If raster data, the data are provided as valid Cloud Optimized GeoTiffs with accompanying Spatiotemporal Asset Catalog (STAC) metadata or the data are provided by an OGC-compliant server (e.g., a WMS).
  • If vector data, the data are provided using an OGC-compliant server such as WMS or WMTS or a vector tile server.
  • If lidar data, the data are provided using the COPC format.
  • Online data sources are properly communicating the data projection.
  • Data are discoverable via STAC metadata, provided via a STAC-API-compliant server.

Metadata Standards


  • The data are accompanied by STAC metadata.
  • Data have an ISO:19157:3013 style XML metadata file (optional).
  • The data have a publicly available homepage.

Metadata Content

The metadata, preferably available in a single, human-readable webpage includes:

  • a description of the data set;
  • a description of the process used to create the data set;
  • the available assets or files provided in the data set;
  • a discussion of the quantitative aspects of the data (e.g., accuracy, precision, identified errors, etc.);
  • a discussion of the qualitative or fitness-for-use aspects of the data;
  • a description of the proposed update cadence for the data;
  • links to appropriate peer-reviewed data descriptions;
  • optionally, links to associated data sets.

Accuracy Descriptions

  • Horizontal, vertical, and attribute accuracy statements use ISO 19157:2013 (optional).

Provenance and Traceability

  • The data include a textual processing description.
  • The data includes step-by-step processing commands or a runnable script to reproduce the data product.

AI/ML Derived Data

  • Data are appropriately labeled if they were derived, in whole or in part, using AI/ML techniques.

Data Interpolation

  • Interpolated data are labeled as such with a description of the interpolation methods used.


  • Data are appropriately licensed, with a permissive, open license.


  • Data links back to the source archive or products used in their derivation.